The oxford dictionary defines the word poaching as illegally hunting or catching on land that is not one’s own or in contravention of official protection. Today, poaching has become a global issue. Illegal killing of animals has increased to great extent these days. This is called as animal poaching. Animals fur or ivory are very valuable and so this rise to poaching. Leatherback Turtle, Tiger, Polar bear, Pacific Walrus, Magellanic Penguin, Blue fin Tuna, Mountain Gorilla, Monarch Butterfly, Giant Panda, Javan Rhinoceros are the 10 most threatened and endangered species. Rhino horn is considered to be an important ingredient for making medicines but this is a wrong assumption. Rhino horn and chewing on your fingernails has the same medicinal effect. In South Africa near about 668 rhinos were poached in the year 2012. Animals were being poached at a rate of 2 per day in the first half of 2013.
For over 400,000 years human beings and their ancestors have hunted. From historical aspect hunting has played an important role in leadership, forming new communities, using tool, developing language. Animal products such as hide ivory horn teeth and bone are sold to dealers who make clothes, jewellery and other materials from them. It has been found that animals are poached for game meat in the societies of America and Latin America. In Congo, monkey meat is sold in the open market and in North America white tailed deer is hunted for food. Different methods of poaching are by using snare wire, spears and dogs, trap nets, pitfalls, arrows and bows.
While poaching has various effects, its most direct impact is extinction, which is Country basis or globally. Spread of disease, in animals as well as in human beings is also due to Poaching only. The outbreak of Anthrax in early 2000 was associated with the people eating or transporting infected animals from Queen Elizabeth National Park in Uganda. The act of poaching has become a serious problem and also a criminal act. Its effect will be felt for next coming centuries and if some are still alive then they could be found only at Zoo.
PGDM 2nd year
2012 – 2014